Why loan waiver is a Bad Idea for India?

There is no doubt that despite achieving high growth rate since post liberalization phase, agriculture sector remained lack luster. The growth rate in agricultural sector not only saw a variable pattern, but during some years it displayed a negative growth. Our coutry is still heavily dependent on agriculture. Nearly 58% of the population is directly or indirectly dependent on it, yet the contribution of agri-sector is just around 15% of the GDP. This means more than 58% of the population generates 15% revenue year on year.

Credit: GettyImage

This is not good for economy.

Since their income is less, hence they are from the most vulnerable section of society. If 58% of the population will be vulnerable than nation will itself be vulnerable. Every year we listen the news of farmers’ suicide. When a person doesn’t find any ray of hope for survival, he takes such an extreme steps.

Reasons of farms distress in India.

Too many people involved in this activity which is less remunerative than service and manufacturing sector.

Dependence on monsoon which is simply unpredictable even for scientists.

Low productivity per hectare compared to other big agricultural producer countries. For example USA produces double quantity of Paddy from the same field size. We have 2.4% of the total land area of the world but more than 17% of the population.

Low level of technological awareness in agricultural field.

Poor irrigation system.

Poor and informal credit system. Since farming is a risky business in India and Farmers are predominantly poor in our nation, so they need credit before each sowing season for seeds, fertilizers and pesticides. But many of them are unbanked and away beyond the reach of formal credit system. Hence they take loan from Moneylenders at exorbitant rates and even in slightest of variations in their expenditure pattern such as any marriage ceremony, illness etc. they are web trapped.

The list goes on and on. Even though the problem persists for many decades, the government did not perform well in addressing their issues permanently. Only band aid solution was provided and that too at the time of election.

Waving of farmers’ loan is one such example. Farm loan waiver means government pays the loan taken by the farmer back to the Banks in case if the farmer is unable to repay it.

No doubt majority of  Indian farmers are cash strapped but waving of farmers loan only for the sake of winning the election is not good for the nation’s economy.

Some of the reasons could be:

It destroys the formal credit system of the nation.

Every time government wave off the loans, the burden falls on the government. Indian economy has always seen a high Debt to GDP ratio. This additional burden worsens the condition.

Fixed Capital Formation gets severely impacted because of the loan waivers. For example in Uttar Pradesh nearly Rs. 36,000 crore was waived off. This could have been utilized in building infrastructure such as rail, road educational institutions, hospitals etc.

It impacts farmers’ behavior and in anticipation of loan waiver before elections, they become willful defaulters and they shy away from paying it

India is already struggling with Non Performing Assets. These unpaid loans also have a role to play in it.

Loan waiver can’t help the all the famers as India still lacks financial inclusion in credit system. Many of the farmer takes loan from money lenders and loan waiver is only helpful for those who have taken loan from formal credit agencies.

So instead of giving loan waiver government should make effort for the permanent solution to the permanent problem. Some of the measures in right direction could be increase in investment in farm technology, increasing the formal credit system among farmers, interest subvention, increase in irrigation facility, better remunerative price and procurement policies.  

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Contesting Election and EDUCATION

India boasts itself as one of the largest democracies of the world. We have achieved remarkable feet by remaining a democratic country even after more than 70 years post independence. The country which was separated from us never saw a prime minister for full term. Dictatorship remained a constant feature of our eastern neighbor.

We cherish our democracy. One of our main features of our democracy is that we remained a vibrant republic. There are various experiments done in our system of governance. Some are, giving universal adult franchise to every citizen above certain age, treating women equal to men since inception, at least, in political realm, three tier system of governance etc. These innovations have helped us to become mature in our form of governance.

Few years back Rajasthan government also made some innovation. It barred people from contesting election in Urban and Local Bodies Bodiesn  (ULB i.e. Gram Panchayat and Municipality) who didn’t had certain educational qualification. One more reason for their denial to contest elections was unavailability of toilets in their homes. This simply means that only those people who posses certain minimum educational qualification (10th or 12th in some cases) can contest an election and can become representative of the common mass.

At first it sounds awesome. Rationale behind electing an educated person can be many. Some of them would be:

**There is direct relationship between education and development. More educated person can introduce more reform and in turn, more development
**Educated leaders can handle the complex bureaucratic system much better.
** He would be aware of various initiatives which is benefitting people around the world and he can use it for development of its subject
**Running an institution involves following many rules, regulations and procedures. Educated people can perform this initiative much better
**India is still struggling with many prejudices, such as caste, creed, gender etc. Educated representative can bring reform in the society.
**Those who are educated at the helm would know the importance of education better and hence can make necessary condition for education of the society.

Benefits of educated person in leadership position can be long and unending. So it seems right to prevent the uneducated from ruling the society.

But recently a new Party has occupied the majority (with outside support from Independents and some small players) in Rajasthan assembly. They have issued Notification and scraped the law of this educational criteria. Now even an illiterate can Run and win election.

For many of the common citizens, this decision is baffling. Yet, those who scraped the previous law has some healthy arguments in favour for doing away with the previous law which disenfranchised uneducated members for contesting election. They gave the rationality that why uneducated people should not be debarred from contesting election

It’s against the spirit of democracy. Our constitution guarantees political equality. But, if we set criteria for contesting election based on educational qualification, then this will be a type of Discrimination.

It also takes away the right of people to elect representative according to their own will.

To run a government political and administrative acumen is more needed than educational qualification.

In many parts of rural areas more than 50% of the people are uneducated or not meeting the criteria set by the law. So they will be left out of the process.

It is discriminating against the marginalized section of society especially against women and backward section of society because the lack of education is much  prevalent among them.

The purpose of Panchayti Raj Institution (PRIs) was to involve the general public directly in administrative process, because they know the ground reality more than other forms of government, hence they can reach to solution more effectively. But this disenfranchisement will defeat the purpose.

Last, but very significant argument was that if the people remained uneducated for more than 70 years even after the independence, it is not the failure of people, it’s the failure of the state. Hence why people should be punished for the failure of the state.

So, I presented the both aspects of the disenfranchising uneducated people from contesting election. At times, it seems both arguments hold their fort according to Perspective from which we see. But it is equally true that at one time only one set of law can be applied on any state or region.
I would like to know your opinion on this subject matter. What do you feel about “Should uneducated person be our leader”?
Shoot your valuable comments below and give your perspective in this regard.

 

सज्जन कौन?

सज्जन जन वही है जो, ढाल सरीखा होए
दुःख में आगे रहे, सुख में पाछे होए ~कबीर

सज्जन व्यक्ति ढ़ाल के समान होते हैं. जिस प्रकार केवल मुसीबतों के क्षण में ढ़ाल सामने आकर व्यक्ति की रक्षा करता है और सुख के समय में हमेशा यह व्यक्ति के पीछे रहता है, सज्जन व्यक्ति भी ठीक उसी प्रकार व्यवहार करते हैं

Gentle person behaves like shield. Just as shield comes forward at the time of adversity and protects the person who posses it, similarly Nobel person comes to rescue when life is not smooth.

बीता वर्ष

तुम जो जा रहे
सब तुम्हे भूल जायेंगे!
नए के स्वागत में सभी
कई मिलन गीत गायेंगे


पता है कि तुम कभी
लौटोगे फिर से नहीं
उन कहानियों का क्या होगा
मिलकर जो हमने गढ़ी


क्या करुँ कि मन मेरा
तुममे ही टिका है
कई खट्टी मिट्ठी यादों का
सजा जो कारवां है


कि जाना सबको है
कि अब तुम्हारा समय हुआ
पर ये स्मरण रहे तुम्हें कि तुमने
दिल के हर कोने को छुआ

……..अभय…….

एक और दिसंबर बीत गया..

Wrote it Last Year, Relevant in this year too. Hope you would like this reproduction of an old poem 🙂

the ETERNAL tryst

Pondi Sun Rise or Sun Set? Clicked it in Pondicherry, Bay of Bengal

एक और दिसंबर बीत गया

अभी तो सूरज निकला ही था
और झट में फिर वो डूब गया
एक और दिसंबर बीत गया

अभी बसंत की हुई थी दस्तक
पर अब, पत्ता पत्ता सूख गया
एक और दिसंबर बीत गया

जनवरी में कई कस्में खायी थी हमने
पर अगणित बार वो टूट गया
एक और दिसंबर बीत गया

लाख कोशिशें कर उन्हें मनाया था हमने
पर एक नादानी से वो, हरपल के लिए रूठ गया
एक और दिसंबर बीत गया

हार की कई गाथाएं लिख दी इसने
पर आशाओं के कई पन्नों को भी जोड़ गया
एक और दिसंबर बीत गया

सोचा शाश्वत सा यह पल है
पर बारह किश्तों में ही पीछा छूट गया
एक और दिसंबर बीत गया

स्मृति पटल पर कुछ धुंधले चेहरे
और कई नई छवि को जोड़ गया
एक और दिसंबर बीत गया

स्थिरता…

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Farmer’s Day

Today is farmer’s day. On twitter #FarmersDay and #ThankYouFarmers were trending. I don’t know how many of them were accepting their thanks on Twitter. According to 2011 census, 68.3 % of the Indian population was living in village.  Majority of them is directly or indirectly involved in agriculture. Though they are approx 70% of the population, they are not considered as a vote bank as some of the communities. I don’t know why? So, when they are not vote bank, their economic stature in India is abysmally low and they are only remembered by the politicians only during the time of elections.

I love being close to nature. Today was Sunday, so I had the opportunity to escape from the city. I picked my bike and went for a long ride. I finally reached to a profession which is closest to nature “agriculture.” Spent some time with a farmer or two. Life of them were not financially sound, yet they had most precious asset with them. “Hope and contentment”

Sharing the images clicked in today’s trip

अब भी मेरे सपनो में आती हो…

boy
Photo Credit:onehdwallpaper.com

अब भी मेरे सपनो में आती हो…

हाथ पकड़ती थी वो,

कुछ दूर संग मेरे आती थी

देख न ले दुनिया,

जग से नज़रें चुराती थी

मेरे मन के हर कोने में

आशियाँ बनाती जो

तुम अब भी मेरे सपनो में आती हो…


अक़्सर लंबी थी जो राहें लगती,

संग तेरे सिमट जाती थी

जिसकी हर हँसी,

पीहू की याद दिलाती थी

हर सावन की पहली बारिश में,

संग मेरे भीग जाती जो

तुम अब भी मेरे सपनो में आती हो…


दिन तो बीते जैसे-तैसे,

पर रात ठहर जाती थी

अनायास ही मन को मेरे,

याद तेरी आती थी

हर पल हर क्षण संग हो मेरे,

एहसास कराती जो

तुम अब भी मेरे सपनो में आती हो…

………..अभय………..